The National Museum of A.V. Anokhin is the oldest institution of the Republic of Altai. His story begins October 29, 1918, with the acquisition of the County Council Karakorum Altai fossil, mineral collections, research library and archive at the Siberian scientists Gulyaev. One of his first organizers and directors was a researcher of traditional culture of the peoples of Southern Siberia A.V.Anohin (1869-1931gg.), Whose name in 1989 is a museum.
The number of items of fixed assets is more than 60 thousand units. This unique collection of paleontology, ethnology, works of fine and decorative arts, ancient manuscripts and XVII - XX centuries., Documents and photographs on the history of Altai XIX - XX centuries., Specimens of flora and fauna, mineral collection.
In the structure of the National Museum has 4 branches: National History Museum named after IV Shodoeva in with. Ust-Kan Ust-Kan district, the Museum of Altai Kazakhs in with. Jean-Aul Kosh-Agach; Estate Museum GI Choros-Gurkin in with. Anos Chemal district, the Museum of Altai storyteller NU Ulagasheva in with. Paspaul Choyskiy districts
At the head museum has sections: history, nature, art, sightseeing and mass and foundations, research library with a reading room.
In 2008-2012. reconstruction of buildings and new additions, which are now fully consistent with modern safety and security of museum objects and collections.
The exposition covers natural, historical, archaeological and ethnographic aspects of the development of the region. Chronological framework - from a few hundred million years ago to the present.