The settlement of Przhevalskoye and its environs is a land of blue lakes, birch groves and light coniferous forests of pine-trees situated at the north- west of the Smolensk Region, which has been singled out as a forest reserve of the national park "The Smolensk Land of Lakes" by now.
This place was loved very much by the great traveler and explorer of the Central Asia Nicolay Michaylovich Przhevalskiy. He obtained a manor at Sloboda settlement (now Przhevalskoye) on the lake side of Sapsho in 1881 and settled here. He made his reports of his expeditions, wrote books about his travels to the Central Asia and worked out routes of the forthcoming travels.
The museum exhibition tells about the bright and rich in events life of the great scientist, about the years of travelling. Unique documents, photos made in different years of his life, manuscripts, maps, rich scientific library collected during his lifetime, drawings, personal things, and also stuffed animals, herbarium sheets with plants collectedin his expeditions let us appreciate his outstanding personality and his contributionto the investigation of the CentralAsia.
N.M. Przhevalskiy left Sloboda for his last journey in 1888. They keep at the museum as the most valuable exhibit that particular piece of a wooden column of the house which has an inscription made by Przhevalskiy's hand with a red pencil: "August, the 5th, 1888. Good-by, Sloboda"!
One of the rooms of the museum is devoted to P. K. Kozlov, thelearner and the disciple of N.M. Przhevalskiy